The Migrant and Refugee Research Centre aims to be a hub for postgraduate education and research training. We teach several postgraduate courses at AUT and also supervise postgraduate students.
Later Life Work Decisions of Older Asian People in New Zealand
Rubina Bogati, PhD Candidate (2021 ongoing)
Supervisors: Professor Stephen Neville, Professor Fiona Alpass, and Dr Priya Saravanakumar
This thesis aims to understand later life work decisions of older Asian workers in New Zealand (NZ). Explanatory sequential mixed methodology design supported philosophically by pragmatism will be used to answer the research questions. The preliminary quantitative phase of this study will use data from a nationally representative health, work, and retirement survey (2018). The demographic, health and wellbeing, social, occupational, financial, and other life-course factors that impact later life work decisions of older Asian workers in NZ will be studied. Quantitative data will be analysed using descriptive and regression statistics in SPSS. The second qualitative phase of this study will use in-depth interviews to understand the experience of older Asian workers. Nested sampling design will be used. A smaller qualitative sample will be nested in a larger quantitative sample. Thematic analysis technique will be used for data analysis. Socio-cultural values and beliefs of work in later life of Asian older workers will be determined. There are growing number of Asian older workers actively participating in the workforce however, minimal research is done to understand them in NZ and internationally. It is only by understanding the later life work decisions of older Asian workers that their workforce involvement can be supported and promoted.
Examining Cardiovascular Health Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Among the Fijian Indian Community in New Zealand
Thrishila Parshu Ram, PhD Candidate (2018 ongoing)
Supervisors: Dr Gael Mearns, Dr Eleanor Holroyd and Dr Jagamaya Shrestha-Ranjit
Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world today. It is chronic, progressive and an irreversible disease that is augmented by both modifiable risk factors such as poor diet, high blood pressure, smoking and high levels of cholesterol, and non-modifiable risk factors including family history, ethnicity, gender and age. In New Zealand, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease is on a continuum, where anyone is at risk but some more than others. As it is well known, people of Maori, Pacific descent experience cardiovascular disease earlier on in their lives in comparison to people of other ethnicities. The Fijian Indian population, who relate to both the Indian and Pacific ethnic groups, is one such community that is at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The constant improvement of health promotion, the assessment of risk, symptoms and the understanding of cardiovascular disease in high-risk populations is vital as a preventative strategy. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine the understanding and practises relating to cardiovascular health among the Fijian Indian community in New Zealand by developing and implementing a descriptive, cross-sectional knowledge, attitudes and practices survey. This is the first study to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of cardiovascular health in the Fijian Indian community as well as in New Zealand. Results from this study will provide insight as to how the knowledge, attitudes and practices of cardiovascular health among the Fijian Indian community should be promoted or enhanced as well as aid the potential development of tailored community intervention and cardiovascular health promotion in New Zealand.
Parental Vaccine Hesitancy Among Former Refugees in New Zealand
Mulisa Debela, Master of Public Health (2020 ongoing)
Supervisors: Dr. Nadia Charania and Dr Nick Garret
After listing vaccine hesitancy in the top ten global public health threats, the WHO recommended countries to incorporate a plan to address vaccine hesitancy into their national immunisation programmes. Vaccine hesitancy is widely associated with resurgence of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPDs). Recently, New Zealand has observed frequent measles outbreaks which threatens the country’s status as measles-free status. There is evidence of immunisation uptake disparities between the host country children and immigrants (migrants and refugee) children in New Zealand. The aim of this research is to examine the rate of vaccine hesitancy and its determinants among former refugees. Findings from the study may provide an insight in the strategy to increase the number of refugee children who receive age-appropriate vaccinations. An online self-report surveys is used in the data collection. A former refugee parents or guardians with a child between 6 weeks and 16 years old, and have been lived in New Zealand at least for 6 months are invited to take part in the study. Findings from this study may be published and disseminated.
Understanding recently arrived older Chinese migrants' experiences of healthcare access and utilisation in New Zealand during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-methods study
Sherry (Xi) Zhu, PhD candidate (2019 ongoing)
Supervisors: Dr Priya Saravanakumar and Professor Eleanor Holroyd
This mixed-methods study aims to investigate recently arrived older Chinese migrants’ experiences in accessing and using formal healthcare services in New Zealand (NZ), during and beyond the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The potential participants will be older Chinese migrants, who aged 65 years and over, have migrated to NZ less than ten years ago, and currently reside in the Auckland region. Phase one of the study will use the descriptive qualitative method to explore the predisposing, enabling, and need related factors that inform older Chinese migrants’ healthcare access and utilisation in NZ, during and beyond the pandemic. Phase two will use the results of phase one to modify an existing survey and develop a pilot survey. The pilot survey will measure the healthcare access/use for recently arrived older Chinese migrants in the Auckland region, during and beyond the pandemic. The findings of the study will add an in-depth understanding of the factors that either enable or pose barriers to accessing and using healthcare for older Chinese newcomers in NZ, in general, and COVID-19 circumstances. It will also have important implications for developing the NZ healthcare system for migrant service delivery.
Exploring Perspectives Affecting Access to Healthcare Amongst Older Fijian Indian Immigrants in New Zealand
Vimlesh Shukla , PhD Candidate (2018 ongoing)
Supervisors: Professor Eleanor Holroyd and Dr Jagamaya Shrestha-Ranjit
This study aims to explore the experiences of older Fijian Indian immigrants accessing healthcare services in respect to accessibility, availability and acceptability in New Zealand. The findings of this research will help to identify critical structural socio-cultural barriers and enablers to accessing healthcare to ethnic minority immigrants in New Zealand, specifically Fijian Indians. This research will provide a basis for policy improvement, which may contribute to improving access to equitable and quality healthcare services for this minority and under-researched population group in Aotearoa/New Zealand.
Witches' Camps of Northern Ghana: Understanding the Factors Influencing the Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing of Older Women Residents
Yakubu H. Yakubu, PhD Candidate (2018 ongoing)
Supervisors: Professor Eleanor Holroyd and Professor Valerie Wright-St Clair
This study aims to understand the mental health and emotional wellbeing of older women living in witches' camps of northern Ghana.The research project will or may inform Ministry of Health, Ghana Health Services, other policymakers, and allied health providers to understand better the mental health and emotional wellbeing of older women banished to witches' camps. Empirical data from the project may also help to effectively communicate conditions in the camps and behaviours of accused women and to improve health outcomes. Research about social and structural determinants of health may influence health and wellbeing, and other social support services in the camps. Furthermore, recommendations and policies that may emanate from this research project will benefit similar condemn residents and refugee camps within the African enclave and beyond. The World Health Organization will also find this project useful in helping members from low resource countries who have similar socio-cultural practices that hinder on the mental and emotional wellbeing of older people by directing and advising on best practices that yield good mental health outcomes.
In Pursuit of Innovative and Relevant Solutions to Meet the Health Needs of Young Black African Female Migrants in New Zealand
Blessing Kanengoni Nyatara, PhD Candidate (2017 ongoing)
Supervisors: Professor Eleanor Holroyd and Dr. Sari Andajani
The research focuses on the shared experiences, insights, ideas, and aspirations of young Black African female migrants between the age of 16 and 35 years with the New Zealand youth health delivery system to improve their health and wellbeing. The rationale and significance of the study is the failure of existing youth health policies, programmes and practices to read the social and health concerns of young African women migrants, which are often influenced by their culture, religion, tradition, system of practice, norms, and collective knowledge systems. Using an exploratory qualitative methodology informed by an African worldview, the value of collectivism was influential in identifying storytelling circles as the data collection tool of choice. Braun and Clarke thematic analysis was applied as the methodology, using a decolonizing lens which ensures the young African women’s voices are heard.
Internationally Qualified Nurses’ Perceptions of how the New Zealand Registered Nurse Competency Assessment Programme (CAP) enabled transitions to clinical and culturally safe nursing practice in New Zealand
Anne Clubb, PhD Candidate (2016 ongoing)
Supervisors: Dr Priya Saravanakumar and Professor Eleanor Holroyd
New Zealand is facing a shortage of nurses in the near future with around half of its workforce reaching the age of retirement in approximately 5 years. Recruitment of internationally qualified nurses (IQNs) is one of the proposed methods to manage this shortage. Currently, the majority of IQNs must pass a competency assessment programme (CAP). This research will identify the CAP elements that IQNs found useful whilst in their first two years of working as a RN in New Zealand as well as how well they thought that the course enhanced their acculturation into nursing in this country. Participants were recruited from the Indian and Filipino populations because these are the currently the largest IQN groups nationally. The method of focused ethnography provides a culturally focused description of how participants perceived the CAP course content; and how they were able to utilise it to transition from the nursing culture of their own country to that of New Zealand. The findings will inform revision of the current CAP course and registration process.